Picture frame moulding is a great way to can add character and subtle sophistication to any room. With just a few tools, you can add create a focal point wall, or you can install it around an entire room. Either way, picture frame moulding will add tone-on-tone texture to your walls and make your ceilings look taller. Today Im going to be sharing the tutorial so you too can add this treatment to your walls
Last fall when I did the #BehrBox Challenge, a component for the front room makeover was continuing the picture frame moulding around the rest of the room. I fell in love with what a difference it made to the whole room, but we were exhausted and stopped short of continuing it down the hall.
This past week I finally finished the hallway, so I thought I would finally share the much requested DIY picture frame moulding. We recently moved the furniture layout in this room, so where the console table was in the above picture, now has the piano with some vintage lace art (below).
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Tools & Supplies:
Step 1: Mark Stud Locations
Step 2: Measure & Mark Chair Rail Height
Measure the height you want your chair rail to be and mark it along several locations along the wall. The bottom edge of my chair rail sits 34″ from the ground, so I made a mark of the height at every location where there was a stud.
Step 3: Nail Chair Rail into Studs
Run the chair rail between two door frame trim pieces, where the bottom edge of the chair rail is lined up with my marks in step 2. Make sure it’s level before you nail the chair rail into place.
4. Measure Corner Placement of Moulding
Measure and mark 2″ over from the door trim, and 2″ down from the chair rail and ceiling, and 2″ up from the chair rail and baseboard. If one end of your wall is a corner, leave 3″ from a corner and 3″ from a wall-end. There will also be 3″ between the “picture frames”, but we will get to that later. Make little crosses so you know where to position the mitered corners of the moulding.
Only measure and mark the rectangles that are closest to the door trims for now.
5. Calculate How Many “Picture Frames” Per Wall and Mark on Wall
Calculating how many pictures frames on any given wall doesn’t have to be complicated. A good rule of thumb is to have their width be around 30″ (mine are mostly 31″ around the room, give or take an inch or two), but one wall has to have all the same “picture frame” widths. Adjacent walls can have some slight variance without it being noticeable.
So, say you measure the length of a long wall and you think you can fit about 5- 30ish inch-long “picture frame” rectangles. You will use this formula:
This formula takes into account that between each rectangle will be 3″ and there will be 3″ space on either end (if one side has a doorway, just subtract 1″ from the numerator in the equation since the space next to doorways is 2″).
Make the corner “+” markings on the wall for each rectangle so you know where to line up the trim when you nail them down in a later step.
6. Calculate How Much Moulding You Need
Once you know the dimensions of each “picture frame” rectangle, that outside edge is going to be the cut lengths for the trim/moulding. To calculate how much moulding you need, add those lengths up (in inches) then divide by 12 to get the number of feet. Round up to allow for mistakes when cutting.
Then, write down each piece measurement for each “picture frame” rectangle so you can make all the cuts at once.
7. Cut Moulding to Calculated Lengths
To cut the moulding to the previously calculated lengths, here are some tips I use to make the job fast and easy. First, have the thick side of the trim (the outer edge) facing toward you (facing out). Always measure and mark on this side, since the measuring tape can easily hook onto this thicker end. Next, move the blade 45 degrees to the left and line up the laser with the longest point on that edge. If this is a new piece of trim, it will be a straight edge you will be cutting off, instead of an angled one like pictured below.
Once you have made that first cut, wait until the blade stops moving completely before lifting the blade and moving the trim down. This prevents injury and splintering. Then, move the blade 45 degrees to the right. Lastly, measure and mark the length of the trim piece you need, line up the laser with that marked point, making sure the blade doesn’t overlap it, and make the cut. Repeat this for each cut length that is needed.
Tip: Mark each piece with a pencil, saying where in the room it will go.
Step 8: Attach Trim To Wall
Apply Liquid Nails to the back of the first piece of trim. Smooth out the quantity so that excess doesn’t squeeze out the sides when you nail it in place.
Position the trim moulding so that the corners hit exactly on the “+”s you drew.
Drive the first nail in the middle part of the trim going into a stud, previously marked, then the corners (regardless if it hits a stud or not).
Attach the top, then the bottom, then the sides. This allows you to make sure your length is right for the sides and make cut adjustments if needed, before you attach it.
Tips for Uneven Walls
With many older homes, walls are sometimes uneven. The most important thing when working with this situation is to get the mitered corners lined up as close as possible, then allow wood filler and caulk later on to cover up any gaps.
When one mitered corner piece is sticking out further than the other mitered corner (not sticking out longer, but pulling away from the wall further), I use my hands to squeeze together the corner as best I can, and drive nails in from the side so that the nails are joining the two pieces of wood together first. Then I can nail that corner into the wall.
Common Fixable Mistakes
Sometimes, the trim moulding shifts ever-so-slightly when you drive the nail in. If this happens, use a hammer or mallet to tap the side of the trim to get it back into place. If a nail is driven in at too much of an angle and curves back out, use pliers to remove the nail and try again.
Step 9: Caulk Edges
Using flexible caulking, apply a thin bead of caulk to the edges of the trim moulding where it meets the wall. Do not apply it to nail holes, as the caulk will shrink when dried and leave visible nail holes still.
A trick I learned that smooths caulk easier and less messy, is to have a small dish of water to dip your finger in as you smooth the caulk line out and remove excess. Wipe off excess onto a damp paper towel.
10. Fill Holes and Mitered Corners with Wood Filler
Use white wood filler to fill all the nail holes and mitered corner seams. BE sure to not let excess wood filler sit on the trim, as it will be much more difficult to remove once it is dry. Just rub off excess with your finger.
After the wood filler is dry completely, using the fine grit sanding block to lightly sand smooth the areas that wood filler was applied. You don’t want to sand so much the primer comes off, but enough so it doesn’t feel rough.
Step 11: Paint Moulding
Using a 2″ sash paintbrush, paint 1 coat on all sides of the moulding first, and in between the rectangles, then use a small roller to paint the insides of the rectangles. Repeat this, so the trim and walls have 2 coats.
Now you can enjoy your work for years to come!
I hope you enjoyed this tutorial and it can prove helpful if you decide to add picture frame moulding inside your home!
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